Bhalchandra Nemade became the fourth Marathi writer to win the Jnanpith award – India’s highest literary award. Nemade is the only marathi writer after V S Khandekar (1974), V V Shirwadkar (1984) and Vinda Karandikar (2003) to win Jnanpith award.
Who is Bhalchandra Nemade?
Bhalchandra Vanaji Nemade (born 1938)
Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.
Famous for his books named “Hindu” & “Kosala”
Also known for his novel “Hindu jagnyachi samrudhha adgal”
Nemade wrote his first novel Kosala in 1963.
It is a fictitious autobiographical novel of one Pandurang Sangvikar, a youth from rural Maharashtra who studies in a college in Pune; but it is loosely based on Nemade’s own life in his youth.
Sangvikar, the narrator in Kosala, uses everyday Marathi spoken in rural Maharashtra and his worldview also reflects that held by residents of rural Maharashtra.
Kosala is a chronological autobiographical narration, yet it employs certain innovative techniques.
Kosla is extensively translated into various languages including English, Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada, Assamese, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Oriya, et al.
After Kosala, Nemade presented a different protagonist, Changadev Patil, through his four novels Bidhar (बिढार), Hool (हूल), Jarila (जरीला) and Jhool (झूल).
Another tetralogy begins with Hindu – Jagnyachi Samruddha Adgal (हिंदू – जगण्याची समृद्ध अडगळ) in 2010 having Khanderao, the archaeologist as its protagonist.
As a critic, Nemade’s contribution rests in initiating Deshivad
Deshivad is a theory that negates globalisation or internationalism, asserting the value of writers’ native heritage
Deshivad indicates that Marathi literature ought to try to revive its native base and explore its indigenous sources.
Nemade is a winner of the Sahitya Academy Award
He was also conferred with Padma Shri in 2011 by Government of India.