The World Meteorological Organization on 25 November announced that because of man-made global warming and a strong El Nino, Earth’s weather this year is likely to break the annual heat record that goes back to 1880.
The United Nations weather agency’s early bird report on 2015 says it is the hottest year on record, surpassing last year’s record heat. Moreover, the global temperatures were set to rise 1° Celsius above the pre-industrial era in 2015.
Michel Jarraud, head of the World Meteorological Organisation, said “2015 is likely to be the hottest year on record, with ocean surface temperatures at the highest level since measurements began.” “This is all bad news for the planet,” he added.
The report comes the week before world leaders assemble in Paris to try to negotiate an agreement to fight climate change.
Scientists at the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and elsewhere already were saying that 2015 likely would be the hottest.
The U.N. agency, NOAA, NASA and Japan’s weather agency all say 2014 is the current record hot year with a global temperature of 14.57 degrees Celsius, 58.23 degrees F.
Some of the important reasons behind the global warming are as follows: