C Program to Convert Decimal number into Binary Number

Program to Convert Decimal number into Binary : Number System : Download

#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<math.h>

void dec_bin(long int num)   // Function Definition
{
long int rem[50],i=0,length=0;
while(num>0)
 {
 rem[i]=num%2;
 num=num/2;
 i++;
 length++;
 }
printf("nBinary number : ");
     for(i=length-1;i>=0;i--)
             printf("%ld",rem[i]);
}
//================================================
void main()
{
long int num;
clrscr();

 printf("Enter the decimal number : ");
 scanf("%ld",&num);

    dec_bin(num);   // Calling function

 getch();
}

Output :

Enter the decimal number : 7
Octal number : 111

Explanation of Program :

Always Program execution starts from main function. Inside Main function we are accepting the decimal number.

printf("Enter the decimal number : ");
scanf("%ld",&num);

Now after accepting the input decimal number we pass the decimal number to function dec_bin(num) function using following syntax.

dec_bin(num);   // Calling function

Inside the Function Call -

We have declared some variables and the use of each variable is listed in following table -

Variable Data Type Initial Value Use of Variable
rem[50] long int Garbage Storing the Remainder
i long int 0 Subscript Variable for Running Loop
length long int 0 Storing the Length of the Array
We are following steps until the number becomes 0 or less than 0 -
Step 1 : Check Whether the Number is Less than or Equal to Zero
Step 2 : Divide the number by 2 and store the remainder in the array
while(num>0)
 {
 rem[i]=num%2;
 num=num/2;
 i++;
 length++;
 }
Step 3 : Increase the length of the array by 1 and also increment the subscript variable
After the execution of while loop print the array in reverse order.

Graphical Representation :

Decimal to Binary Number

Download Decimal to Binary Code :