Pre Incrementing Macro : C Preprocessor MCQ



This is typical question related to preprocessor directive. What will happen if we perform Pre incrementing macro operation.

Pre Incrementing Macro Question

Guess What will be the output of following code snippet when we perform pre incrementing macro operation –

#include<stdio.h>
#define MAX 10

int main(){
    int num;
    num = ++MAX;
    printf("%d",num);
    return 0;
}

Options :

NoOptions
A10
B11
CCompile Error
DRun Time Error

Output of the Above Program


Explanation :

num = ++MAX;

will be expanded as

num = ++10;
    = Compile Error

Macro Preprocessor only replaces occurance of macro symbol with macro symbol value so preprocessor will replace MAX with 10.

Expanded Program :

int main(){
    int num;
    num = ++10;
    printf("%d",num);
    return 0;
}

Above expanded code is now given to compiler. Compiler will throw error : Lvalue Require Error. (because Increment Operator and Decrement Operators should be used with variable)

Pre Incrementing Macro

Pre incrementing macro will results into error as compiler tries to increment the constant number.